Daniel Proofs

Jewish Apologetics >> Ketuvim Proofs >> Daniel Proofs

God took the form of a man when He saved the three men in the furnace (Daniel 3:23-27).

Nebuchadnezzar refers to the appearance of the fourth as being like an angel which is a reference back to II Kings 19:35. Nebuchadnezzar knows who saved the three from the fire – it was an angel and not God in physical form (Daniel 3:28).

After 69 weeks the messiah will come and the 70th week will occur with Jesus’ “second coming” (Daniel 9:24-27).

Daniel 9:24

*Seventy weeks [of years] have been decreed upon your people and upon the city of your Sanctuary…. A week is a reference to a seven-year period (Leviticus 25:8).

*…to terminate the transgression and to end sin, and to expiate iniquity, and to bring eternal righteousness,… During the 490 years, the Jews could have made teshuvah, repented and turned back to God. If they had repented, the Messianic Age would have started.

*…and to seal up vision and prophet,… Prophecy ended with Malachi during this 490-year period.

*…and to anoint the Holy of Holies. This references the building of the Second Temple.

Daniel 9:25

*And you shall know and understand that from the emergence of the word to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem until the anointed king [shall be] seven weeks,… Seven weeks of years passed after the destruction of the First Temple and the anointed of God was revealed. The prophecy of Cyrus comes from Isaiah (Isaiah 45:1,13). This prophecy was fulfilled in Ezra 1:1-3.

*…and [in] sixty-two weeks it will return and be built street and moat, but in troubled times. This refers to Jerusalem having endured this tumultuous time.

Daniel 9:26

*And after the sixty-two weeks, the anointed one will be cut off, and he will be no more,… This anointed one is referring to King Agrippa II. In 70 CE his rule came to an end suddenly with the siege and destruction of Jerusalem and the exile of the people.

*…and the people of the coming monarch will destroy the city and the Sanctuary,… The prince referenced here is Vespasian who led the Roman army that eventually destroyed the Second Temple.

*…and his end will come about by inundation, and until the end of the war, it will be cut off into desolation. Jerusalem’s end came as a flood (Nahum 1:8).

Daniel 9:27

*And he will strengthen a covenant for the princes for one week, and half the week he will abolish sacrifice and meal-offering,… Vespasian made a peace agreement in the seventieth week which concluded the entire time period spoken of in verse 24. However, after three-and-one-half years (first half week) the Romans violated this agreement and abolished the sacrifices.