Glossary (D-G)

Glossary >> Glossary (D-G)

D
Daled
Hebrew
1. Fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; 2. Represents the number four

Daniel
Hebrew
The ninth book of the Ketuvim

Dati
Hebrew Religious

Daven
Yiddish Pray

Dayanim
Hebrew
Judges

Derekh Masorti
Hebrew The Conservative way

Demai
Hebrew 1. Doubtfully tithed produce; 2. A tractate of Zeraim

Derech HaShem
Hebrew Way of HaShem

Devarim
Hebrew [lit. words] The fifth book of the Torah (Deuternomy)

Diaspora
Greek Exile

Dim’at haSofer
Hebrew The tear of the scribe

Dina D’malchuta Dina
Hebrew The law of the land is the applicable law

Dinim
Hebrew Laws

Dio/Dyo
Hebrew Ink

Divrei Hayamim
Hebrew The twelfth and thirteenth books of the Ketuvim (I and II Chronicles)

Divrei Torah
Hebrew Torah discussions

D’oraita
Hebrew Mitzvot from the Torah

D’rabbanan
Hebrew Laws instituted by the rabbis

Dreidel [picture]
Hebrew A four-cornered top used for a game during Chanukah

D’var Torah (Divrei Torah pl.)
Hebrew [lit. A Word of Torah] A short talk or discussion centred around the Torah portion of the week

Dvash
Hebrew Honey

E
Edah Haredit
Hebrew Ultra-Orthodox

Edud
Hebrew Enourage and support with passion

Eichah
Hebrew The sixth book of the Ketuvim (Lamentations)

Ein Kiddushin Tosfin
Hebrew No legal validity to a marriage between a Jew and a non-Jew

Eirusin
Hebrew Betrothal

Eishet Hayil
Hebrew Woman of Valor – tribute bestowed upon a woman who exemplifies traditional Jewish values

Eit
Hebrew The

Eitzei Chayim (pl.) [picture]
Hebrew [lit. trees of life] Two wooden rollers upon which a Sefer Torah is sewn

El
Hebrew 1. God 2. Godlike One 3. Mighty One

Eloh
Hebrew 1. God 2. False God

Elohim (sing./pl.)
Hebrew 1. God 2. Godlike One 3. Works or Special Possessions of God 4. The (true) God 5. Ruler 6. Judges 7. Angels 8. Divine Ones new

Elul
Hebrew Sixth month of the Jewish year

Emet
Hebrew Truth

Emunah
Hebrew Faith

Eretz
Hebrew 1. Land 2. Earth 3. Ground 4. Surface of the Earth

Eretz Yisrael
Hebrew The Land of Israel

Erev
Hebrew [lit. evening] 1. Evening 2. Night 3. Sunset

Erev Shabbat
Hebrew [lit. Sabbath Eve] The part of Friday night that is set aside to prepare for Shabbat

Eruvin
Hebrew 1. Rabbinical decrees regarding the sabbath; 2. A tractate of Moed

Esther
Hebrew 1. Prophetess of the Jews; 2. The eighth book of the Ketuvim

Etmol
Hebrew Yesterday

Etrog [picture]
Hebrew Yellow citrus fruit used during Sukkot

Etrog Hadar
Hebrew Beautiful etrog

Exilarch
Aramaic Appointed head of the Babylonian Jewish community in the first millennium CE

Ezra
Hebrew The tenth book of the Ketuvim

F
Farhud
Arabic Violent dispossession

Fey
Hebrew 1. Seventeenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; 2. Represent the number eighty

Frum
Yiddish Religious, devout

G
Gabbi
Hebrew The person who assists in running the congregation services

Gabbai Tzedakah
Hebrew Person who administers communal funds

Gadol
Hebrew Great, large

Gadol HaShalom
Hebrew Great is peace

Gag
Hebrew Roof

Galut
Hebrew Exile, Diaspora

Gan
Hebrew [lit. garden] Kindergarten (also used to refer to preschool)

Gan Eden
Hebrew 1. The Garden of Eden; 2. The World To Come

Gaon
Hebrew [lit. eminent one] Dean of a rabbinical academy in Babylonia from the sixth through eleventh centuries CE

Gartel
Hebrew Sash

Gedulah
Hebrew Greatness

Gehenna
Hebrew A spiritual place where a soul is cleansed for up to one year

Gelilah
Hebrew The honor of dressing the Sefer Torah after it has been read

Gemach (Gemachen pl.)
Hebrew Charity that lends needed items (i.e. wedding dresses, tefillin, tables, benches)

Gemara
Aramaic [lit. learning] Commentary and discussion of the Mishnah incorporated into the Talmud

Geniza [picture]
Hebrew [lit. hidden away] Space where religious documents and books are stored before burial

Ger (m)
Hebrew Male convert to Judaism

Ger Toshav
Hebrew 1. Resident alien; 2. Convert to monotheism; 3. Semi-proselyte

Ger Tzedek
Hebrew [lit. righteous stranger] A convert to Judaism

Gerushin
Hebrew Divorce

Geshem
Hebrew A prayer for rain in Israel (said on Shemini Atzeret)

Get (Gittin pl.) [picture]
Hebrew Jewish divorce document

Get Piturin [picture]
Hebrew Jewish divorce document

Get Zikui
Hebrew Annulment of a marriage based on what is best for both parties

Geulah
Hebrew Redemption

Gevurah
Hebrew Strength

Gezeirah
Hebrew Laws instituted by the rabbis to prevent people from accidently violating a Torah mitzvah

Giddin [picture]
Hebrew Thread made from leg sinew from a kosher animal – used to sew together a Sefer Torah

Gilgul
Hebrew The reincarnation of a soul

Gimmel
Hebrew 1. Third letter of the Hebrew alphabet; 2. Represents the number three

Gittin (pl.)
Hebrew 1. Divorce, writing and sending the get; 2. A tractate of Nashim

Giyoret (f)
Hebrew Female convert to Judaism

Giyur
Hebrew Conversion to Judaism

Giyur kaHalachah
Hebrew Conversion according to halachah

G’milut Chasadim
Hebrew Act of righteousness

Golem
Hebrew Soul-less creature of medieval Jewish folklore

Goy (Goyim pl.)
Hebrew [lit. nation] A non-Jew

Gut Vuch
Yiddish [lit. Good Week] Salutation at the end of Shabbat