Glossary (T-X)

Glossary >> Glossary (T-X)

T
Ta’amim (pl.) [picture]
Hebrew Symbols above and below the letters of a Chumash acting as musical symbols for the tunes used to chant the Torah

Taanit
Hebrew
1. Public fast days; 2. A tractate of Moed

Taanit Esther
Hebrew
A day-fast that commemorates the three-day fast of Esther, Mordechai, and all of Klal Yisrael as described in the book of Esther

Taa’ar Ba’alei Chayim
Hebrew
Cruelty to animals

Taarovet Chametz
Hebrew Leavened grains mixed with other ingredients

Tachlit (Tachlitot pl.)
Hebrew Purpose

Tachrichim
Hebrew
Burial shrouds

Taggin [picture]
Hebrew Crownlets on STaM Hebrew

Takana (Takanot pl.)
Hebrew Amendment, Rabbinic legal term referring to a ruling that changes an existing law, non-Biblical law created by the rabbis for the public welfare

Takanot HaKahal
Hebrew 1. Ordinances 2. Authoritative judgment

Tallit/Tallis (Tallitot pl.) [picture]
Hebrew Prayer shawl

Tallit Katan [picture]
Hebrew [lit. small garment] A small four-corner garment, with tzitzis attached and customarily worn throughout the day

Talmid Chacham
Hebrew
[lit. wise student] Male Torah scholar

Talmidah Chachmah
Hebrew
[lit. wise student] Female Torah scholar

Talmud
Hebrew
The basic collection of Jewish law, thought, and commentary

Talmud Torah
Hebrew Torah study

Talmud Torah K’neged Kulam
Hebrew The study of Torah equals all the other mitzvot in importance

Tamid
Hebrew
1. Daily morning and evening sacrifice; 2. A tractate of Kodashim

Tammuz
Hebrew
Fourth month of the Jewish year

Tanach/Tanakh
Hebrew
1. Acronym for Torah (the Five Books of Moses), Nevi’im (the Prophets), and Ketuvim (the Writings); 2. Hebrew Scriptures

Tanchuma
Hebrew Commentary on the parsha by Rabbi Tanchum bar Abba

Tanna
Hebrew
Rabbi of the Mishnah

Tanna D’Vei Eliyahu
Hebrew Midrashic work

Tante
Hebrew
Aunt

Targum [picture]
Hebrew Aramaic translation of the Tanach

Taryag Mitzvot
Hebrew
613 mitzvot

Tashlick
Hebrew
Ceremony of casting off one’s sins in a live body of water of Rosh Hashanah

Tav
Hebrew
1. Twenty-second letter of the Hebrew alphabet; 2. Represents the number four-hundred

Tavshilin
Hebrew Two cooked dishes

Techina
Hebrew
Prayer

Tefilah (Tefilot pl.)
Hebrew
Prayer

Tefilat HaDerech
Hebrew
Wayfarer’s Prayer

Tefillin [picture]
Hebrew Small black leather cubes containing parchment scrolls inscribed with the Shema and other Biblical passages that are bound to the forehead and arm during morning prayers

Tefillin Shel Rosh
Hebrew
[lit. Tefillin of the head] The Tefillin worn on the head

Tefillin Shel Yad
Hebrew
[lit. Tefillin of the hand] The Tefillin worn on the arm

Tehillim
Hebrew
[lit. praises] The first book of the Ketuvim (Psalms)

T’filat N’davah
Hebrew Voluntary prayer

Tehom
Hebrew 1. Deep 2. Depths 3. Deep places 4. Abyss 5. The deep 6. Sea 7. The grave 8. Primeval ocean new

Teimanim (pl.)
Hebrew Jews from Yemen

Temurah
Hebrew
1. Exchange of sanctified things; 2. A tractate of Kodashim

Terumot
Hebrew
1. Produce contributions to the priests; 2. A tractate of Zeraim

Teshuvah
Hebrew
[lit. return] Repentance

Teshuvot (pl.)
Hebrew Rabbinic responsa

Tet
Hebrew
1. Ninth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; 2. Represents the number nine

Tevet
Hebrew
Tenth month of the Jewish year

Tevillah
Hebrew
Ritual Immersion

Tevul Yom
Hebrew
1. Cleanness acquired at sunset after daytime immersion; 2. A tractate of Tohorot

Tiferet
Hebrew
Glory

Tik [picture]
Hebrew Ornamental wooden or metal case in which the Sefer Torah rests according to Sephardi custom

Tikkun
Hebrew
[lit. repair] Printed books with two columns on the pages – one column has the printed vocalization (trop) of the Sefer Torah, the second column has a copy of the exact text in the Sefer Torah

Tikkun L’eil Shavuot
Hebrew
[lit. reparation of the Shavuot night] Night of Torah study during the night of Shavuot

Tikkun Olam
Hebrew
[lit. repairing the world] Jewish idea that each Jew is responsible for doing his/her share to make the world a better place

Tish B’Av
Hebrew
[lit. the ninth of Av] A fast day commemorating the destruction of both Temples

Tishrei
Hebrew
Seventh month of the Jewish year

T’kiah
Hebrew Simple blast of a shofar

Todah Rabah
Hebrew
Thank you very much

Toeivah
Hebrew Abomination

Tohoo
Hebrew
1. Emptiness 2. Void 3. Waste

Tohorot
Hebrew
[lit. purifications] 1. The sixth seder of the Mishnah/Talmud; 2. A tractate of Tohorot

Toivel
Hebrew Dip in mikveh (used to kasher utensils, pots/pans, and dishes)

Tokekha
Hebrew Rebuke

Tom
Hebrew Deep

Torah
Hebrew
1. Chumash; 2. Five Books of Moses; 3. The first five books of the Tanach

Torah Sheb’alpeh
Hebrew
Oral Torah (Mishnah)

Torah Shebikhtav
Hebrew
Written Torah (Sefer Torah or Chumash)

Torat Chayim
Hebrew [lit.] Living Torah

Tosefet Ketubah
Hebrew Additional amount of indebtedness of a husband to a wife in the ketubah (marriage document) he decides to promise

Tosefta
Hebrew A work that parallels the Mishnah and contains material not in the Mishnah

Treif
Yiddish
[lit. torn] Non-kosher food

Trop
Hebrew
Symbols above and below the letters of a Chumash acting as musical symbols for the tunes used to chant the Torah

T’ruah
Hebrew Staccato blast of a shofar

Tsade
Hebrew
1. Eighteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; 2. Represents the number ninty

Tu B’Shevat
Hebrew
An agricultural holiday that celebrates the earth and its produce

T’vilah
Hebrew
Ritual immersion in the mikveh

Tzaddik (Tzaddikim pl.)
Hebrew
A righteous individual

Tzedakah
Hebrew
Charity, righteousness

Tzefaniah
Hebrew
1. Prophet of the Jews; 2. The eighteenth book of the Nevi’im (Zephaniah)

Tziduk HaDin
Hebrew [lit. the justification of the decree) 1. Blessing said upon hearing of a death; 2. Burial service

Tzitzit [picture]
Hebrew Fringes

Tzedukim
Hebrew
Sadducees

Tzelem Elohim
Hebrew Image of G-d

Tzom Gedaliah
Hebrew
A day-fast that commemorates the assassination of Gedaliah Ben Achikam

Tzom Kal
Hebrew
Have an easy fast

U
Uktzin
Hebrew
1. Fruits and plants susceptible to uncleanness; 2. A tractate of Tohorot

Ulpan
Hebrew
The course that teaches Hebrew to new immigrants in Israel

Upsheeren
Hebrew
Traditional celebration of a boy’s first haircut at age three

Ushpizin
Aramaic Guests

V
Vav
Hebrew
1. Sixth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; 2. Represent the number six

Vavohoo
Hebrew
And void

Vayikra
Hebrew
[lit. and He called] The third book of the Torah (Leviticus)

Vchshech
Hebrew
And darkness

Vet
Hebrew
1. Second letter of the Hebrew alphabet; 2. Represent the number two

Viduyim
Hebrew 1. Confessional prayer said during Yom Kippur; 2. Confessions of sin said when one is close to death

Vohoo
Hebrew 1. Emptiness 2. Void 3. Waste

Vruach
Hebrew
And wind

V’shinantom Levonecho
Hebrew
Torah learning

Vort
Yiddish
[lit. Word] A short talk or discussion centred around the Torah portion of the week

W
Wimpel [picture]
Hebrew Cloth binding that encircles the Torah Scroll and holds it closed

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